Online – Acoustic gas thermometry (AGT) is not a very well known temperature measurement technique; several have been reported in the past.
This featured review article in Metrologia (Acoustic gas thermometry M R Moldover et al 2014 Metrologia 51 R1) by six authors from six different NMIs around the world provides a modern update on the technology and its significance in helping determine values of physical reference temperatures points on the International Temperature Scale of 1990 (ITS-90).
Acoustic Gas Thermometry
Authors: M R Moldover1, R M Gavioso2, J B Mehl3, L Pitre4, M de Podesta5 and J T Zhang6
Review Article ABSTRACT
We review the principles, techniques and results from primary acoustic gas thermometry (AGT). Since the establishment of ITS-90, the International Temperature Scale of 1990, spherical and quasi-spherical cavity resonators have been used to realize primary AGT in the temperature range 7 K to 552 K. Throughout the sub-range 90 K < T < 384 K, at least two laboratories measured (T − T90). (Here T is the thermodynamic temperature and T90 is the temperature on ITS-90.) With a minor exception, the resulting values of (T − T90) are mutually consistent within 3 × 10−6 T. These consistent measurements were obtained using helium and argon as thermometric gases inside cavities that had radii ranging from 40 mm to 90 mm and that had walls made of copper or aluminium or stainless steel. The AGT values of (T − T90) fall on a smooth curve that is outside ±u(T90), the estimated uncertainty of T90. Thus, the AGT results imply that ITS-90 has errors that could be reduced in a future temperature scale. Recently developed techniques imply that low-uncertainty AGT can be realized at temperatures up to 1350 K or higher and also at temperatures in the liquid-helium range.
The complete article can be obtained online at: http://iopscience.iop.org/0026-1394/51/1/R1/article.
It is the leading international journal in pure and applied metrology, published by IOP Publishing on behalf of Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (BIPM), the International Bureau of Weights and Measures. It is published by the Institute of Physics (IOP) in The United Kingdom.
Online at: http://iopscience.iop.org/0026-1394
1 Sensor Science Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, USA
2 Thermodynamics Division, Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica, 10135 Turin, Italy
3 36 Zunuqua Trail, PO Box 307, Orcas, WA 98280-0307, USA
4 Laboratoire Commun de Métrologie LNE-Cnam (LCM), 61 rue du Landy, 93210 La Plaine Saint-Denis, France
5 National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, Middlesex, TW11 0LW, UK
6 National Institute of Metrology, Beijing 100013, People’s Republic of China